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Video Summary

We use the Spanish present tense, mainly to describe actions in the present or habitual actions:

Ella canta una canción ahora = She sings a song now
Ella canta una canción normalmente = She normally sings a song

There exists three groups of verbs: Those ending in AR, in ER, and IR. To form the present in Spanish you must take off the ending of the verb (ar, er, or ir) and add the ending relative to the person to whom the sentence relates.

For example: CantAR >

Yo canto = I sing
Tú cantas = You sing
Él canta = He sings
Nosotros cantamos = We sing 
Vosotros cantáis = You all sing
Ellos cantan = They sing

Yo canto una canción / Ella canta una canción

AR Verbs

cocinar = to cook
faltar = to miss / to lack
visitar = to visit
caminar = to walk
disfrutar = to enjoy
necesitar = to need
llegar = to arrive
celebrar = to celebrate
pasear = to walk / stroll
continuar = to continue
terminar = to finish
explorar = to explore
señalar = to signal
observar = to observe
mirar = to watch
descansar = to rest
echar = to throw / to take (a nap)
comprar = to buy

ER Verbs

correr = to run
sorprender = to surprise
aprender = to learn
comprender = to understand
vender = to sell
deber = should / must
beber = to drink

IR Verbs

añadir = to add
descubrir = to discover
subir = to go up
existir = to exist
escribir = to write
decidir = to decide

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Lesson 1 Grammar Summary

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Spanish Grammar Exercises Lesson 1

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